International workshop African Vultures & Poison - Ronda, Málaga, Spain 8-11 April 2014

Vultures are declining very fast in Africa, and poisoning is the number one threat. Rates of decline, causes of poisoning and modus operandi differ across the continent – in southern and eastern Africa vultures die after eating carcasses laced with poison to kill carnivores, or are deliberately killed after poachers poison rhino and elephants carcasses so that they do not attract law enforcement agents; in Ethiopia use of strychnine and other poisons to control feral dogs is a problem, while in West Africa vultures are killed deliberately for food or the traditional medicine trade. Whatever the means and the divers, the situation is critical – vultures are declining everywhere, sometimes at a dramatic rate  - decreases of up to 90% for some species have been detected. Africa is quickly losing its vultures, and with them an important ecological function is lost – without scavengers, carcasses are left to rotten, disease spreads among herbivores, and sanitation around villages also decreases.

 

In order to fight this biodiversity and human health crisis, a number of initiatives have recently started across Africa. The VCF and the Junta de Andalucia have also jumped onboard, organising in April 2014 a workshop on the matter, in a secluded estate in the serranias the Ronda, gathering 20 European and African vulture & poison experts from 6 different African countries and from Spain, the Balkans and the USA.

 

Wildlife poisoning is also a widespread illegal activity in Europe, but some countries and/or regions have developed effective strategies and action plans to minimize their effects. The Junta de Andalucia has been implementing their anti-poisoning campaign since 2004, and has made huge progress in fighting this threat – its programme is considered one of the best anywhere in the world.

 

During the workshop African and Spanish experts have characterized the drivers and scope of vulture poisoning in the different regions, discussed the essential steps towards fighting this threat, identified a number of steps, and learnt from each other. Crucially, the workshop gathered field biologists and chemistry experts, forensic specialists and police, thus covering the different disciplines involved in fighting poison. Demonstrations and practical sessions on identification and investigation of poison cases, lab sessions and post-mortems were also performed. The meeting resulted in a number of important conclusions and next steps – see below.

 

Above all, the workshop fostered professional contacts, and identified a number of tangible collaboration opportunities.  The workshop motto and approach was indeed one of a TEAM: Together Everybody Achieves More. For African and European vultures!

Programme, Workshop presentations and Conclusions

WORKSHOP PROGRAMME vf.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 132.7 KB
Conclusions
International workshop on poisoning - Co
Adobe Acrobat Document 629.2 KB
Press release
Malaga vulture conference_Press-release
Adobe Acrobat Document 357.3 KB

Day 1 - presentations

R. Arenas - Las aves Necrofagas en Andalucia y el programa anti-veneno
R. Arenas - Las Aves Necrófagas en Andal
Adobe Acrobat Document 7.8 MB
J. Tavares - Summary Review of the conservation status, population and distribution of Vultures in Europe
J. Tavares - Vultures in Europe.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 11.6 MB
A. Botha - Poisoning of Vultures in Southern Africa
A. Botha - Situation in Southern Africa.
Adobe Acrobat Document 8.5 MB
H. Kolberg - poisoning of vultures in Namibia
H. Kolger - Poisoning in Namibia.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 100.3 KB
D. Ogada & M. Odino - Poisoning of vultures in Kenya and Eastern-Central Africa
D Ogada & M. Odino - Poisoning of vultur
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.4 MB
Y. Dellelegn - Poisoning of vultures in Ethiopia
Y. Abebe - Situation in Ethiopia.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 438.6 KB
J. R. Garrido - Poisoning of vultures in Morocco
JR Garrido - Poisoning Morocco.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.1 MB
R. Buij - Poisoning of Vultures in West Africa
R. Buij - Situation in Western Africa.pd
Adobe Acrobat Document 4.2 MB
J. Lalah - INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING EXPERIENCE TO ASSESS VULTURE POISONING
J. Lalah - Integrated Environmental Mon
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.5 MB
M. Taggart - Diclofenac and the asian vulture crisis - lessons to the African poisoning context
M. Taggart - Diclofenac and the Asian vu
Adobe Acrobat Document 6.5 MB

Day 2 - presentations

I. Fajardo & N. Richards - What is and is not poisoning
I. Fajardo & N. Richards - What is and i
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.4 MB
I. Fajardo & I. Zorrila - Identification of poison signs on carcasses in the field
I. Fajardo & I. Zorrila - IDENTIFICATION
Adobe Acrobat Document 4.8 MB
I. Zorrila & N. Richards - Conventional and non-conventional sampling for toxicology analysis
I. Zorrila & N. Richards - Conventional
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.0 MB
J. A. Alfaro - Crime scene Investigation and the role of police
J Alfaro - Police Strategies in fighting
Adobe Acrobat Document 12.1 MB
N. Richards - Working Dogs for Conservation
N. Richards - WDC Conservation detection
Adobe Acrobat Document 8.4 MB

Day 3 - presentations

M. Odino - Positive economic reinforcement against poison. The Bunyala model
Economic reinforcement against poisoning
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.4 MB
D. Ogada & M. Odino - Case study of a successful anti-poisoning campaign in Kenya
D. Ogada & M. Odino - Case study of anti
Adobe Acrobat Document 901.7 KB
J. Andevski - Poisoning of Vultures in the Balkans & the BVAP
J. Andevski - Poisoning of Vultures in t
Adobe Acrobat Document 6.8 MB
A. Botha - An overviw of policy tools in Africa
A. Botha - An overview of Policy Tools i
Adobe Acrobat Document 623.8 KB

Supporting documents

PROCEDIMIENTO TÉCNICO DE ACTUACIÓN EN MATERIA DE CEBOS ENVENENADOS PARA UNIDADES DEL SERVICIO DE PROTECCIÓN DE LA NATURALEZA
Procedimiento Venenos.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 407.3 KB
DRAFT RESPONSE PROTOCOL IN THE EVENT OF A POISONING INCIDENT (Namibia)
IMMEDIATE RESPONSE PROTOCOL IN THE EVENT
Adobe Acrobat Document 558.0 KB

 

 

 

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